“Outcome-Based Education” (OBE) model is being adopted at Engineering colleges in India to improve technical education in India and help Indian Engineers compete with their global counterparts. Outcome based education (OBE) is student-centered instruction model that focuses on measuring student performance through outcomes. Outcomes include knowledge, skills and attitudes. Its focus remains on evaluation of outcomes of the program by stating the knowledge, skill and behaviour a graduate is expected to attain upon completion of a program and after 4 – 5 years of graduation. In the OBE model, the required knowledge and skill sets for a particular engineering degree is predetermined and the students are evaluated for all the required parameters (Outcomes) during the course of the program.
The OBE model measures the progress of the graduate in three parameters, which are
Program Educational Objectives (PEO) are broad statements that describe the career and professional accomplishments that the program is preparing the graduates to achieve. PEO’s are measured 4-5 years after graduation.
Program outcomes are narrower statements that describe what students are expected to know and be able to do by the time of graduation. Course outcomes are the measurable parameters which evaluates each students performance for each course that the student undertakes in every semester.
PEO1: Graduates will be able to establish engineering abilities, design capabilities and life-long learning for a successful civil engineering career.
PEO2: Graduates will be able to establish the knowledge and skills necessary for identifying and assessing design alternative to deal effectively with the social, economic, environmental and public safety problems.
PEO3: Graduates will be obtain professional licensure and develop entrepreneurship skills to work in multi-disciplinary environment.
Engineering knowledge: Apply the knowledge of mathematics, science, engineering fundamentals, and an engineering specialization to the solution of complex engineering problems.
Problem analysis: Identify, formulate, review research literature, and analyze complex engineering problems reaching substantiated conclusions using first principles of mathematics, natural sciences, and engineering sciences.
Design/development of solutions: Design solutions for complex engineering problems and design system components or processes that meet the specified needs with appropriate consideration for the public health and safety, and the cultural, societal, and environmental considerations.
Conduct investigations of complex problems: Use research-based knowledge and research methods including design of experiments, analysis and interpretation of data, and synthesis of the information to provide valid conclusions.
Modern tool usage: Create, select, and apply appropriate techniques, resources, and modern engineering and IT tools including prediction and modeling to complex engineering activities with an understanding of the limitations.
The engineer and society: Apply reasoning informed by the contextual knowledge to assess societal, health, safety, legal and cultural issues and the consequent responsibilities relevant to the professional engineering practice.
Environment and sustainability: Understand the impact of the professional engineering solutions in societal and environmental contexts, and demonstrate the knowledge of, and need for sustainable development.
Ethics: Apply ethical principles and commit to professional ethics and responsibilities and norms of the engineering practice.
Individual and team work: Function effectively as an individual, and as a member or leader in diverse teams, and in multidisciplinary settings.
Communication: Communicate effectively on complex engineering activities with the engineering community and with society at large, such as, being able to comprehend and write effective reports and design documentation, make effective presentations, and give and receive clear instructions.
Project management and finance: Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the engineering and management principles and apply these to oneâ€™s own work, as a member and leader in a team, to manage projects and in multidisciplinary environments.
Life-long learning: Recognize the need for and have the preparation and ability to engage in.
Global Competence - Apply technical and managerial skills necessary to enter career in planning, design, construction, operation or maintenance of the global infrastructure.
Research and Developments - Update about the latest research and development in construction technology advances in construction materials and analysis or design procedures.
Disaster Management - Acquires theoretical background about post disaster conditions such as rescue operations, damage assessment and retrofitting of structures.